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Gemstones History and Lore



Gemstones have been sought after and treasured throughout history. They have been found in ruins dating several thousand years. They are valued as gifts symbolizing love. Generally, the price of any gemstone is determined by: size, cut, quality (color/clarity/treatments), and type. Hardness is based on a gem-trade standard called the Mohs scale. The higher the Mohs scale number, the harder the stone is. The highest Mohs scale rating is 10 (diamonds). Anything with a Mohs scale rating of less than 7 is easily scratched (such as coral, lapis lazuli, opal, pearl, and turquoise). Gold, silver, and platinum are only Mohs 2-1/2 to 4. Always carefully store any fine jewelry.

Stone History Lore
Amethyst Amethyst is a Greek word. Amethyst is a quartz and varies in color from pale lavender to a deep, rich purple. It is found in Brazil, Russia, Sri Lanka, Japan, Mexico and South Africa. It has a mohs hardness of 6.5 to 7.0 Peace, Stability, Strength, Heals impossible conditions, Spirituality and contentment, Encourages and supports sobriety, used to help manic depressives, it is said to bring thought patterns into alignment.


Indian Jade Mohs hardness of 7 Heart and circulation, Self-esteem, harmony, Love
Black Onyx Its name comes from the Greek word, onux, which means fingernail. It is found in Brazil, Madagascar and India. It has a mohs hardness of 7 Power to help change a person’s bad habits, concentration, calm a chaotic life
Bloodstone Pagans and Christians value this stone for very different reasons. It can be found in India, Australia, Brazil, China and the United States. It has a mohs hardness of 6.5 – 7.0 Stone of courage, Stone of prosperity/renewal, Heart and circulation, spleen, kidneys, intestines, and liver balance, Creativity
Blue Lace Agate Displays a blue white lace pattern. It has a mohs hardness of 6.5 –7 Spirituality, Arthritic conditions and bone deformity, strengthen skeletal structure
Carnelian It is found in India. It has a mohs hardness of 6.5 –7.0 Increases self-worth, Softens self-depreciation, protects against envy, fear and rage, Increased perception, Treatment of obesity and hormonal imbalance


Citrine comes from the French word "citrin" meaning yellow. It is mined in Brazil. It has a mohs hardness of 7 Prosperity, Generosity, Energizer, Aids digestion, dissipates and transmutes negativity, "Merchant's Stone" creating and keeping wealth
Goldstone It’s man made. It been around since the European renaissance period. It has a mohs hardness of 5.5 Uplifting, reduces tension, protection, attracts positive energy, improves blood circulation and metabolism, strengthens the nervous system and healing infections
Hematite Named for the greek word for blood. It has mohs hardness of 5.5 to 6.5 Stone for the mind, Enhances mental capabilities, Aligns the spine
Jade The Chinese consider Jade to be a link between man and the spiritual world. It is considered both mysterious and magical. Mohs hardness of 6.5 Love, virtue, fidelity, humility, generosity, balance, promotes wealth and longevity
Lapis Dates back to biblical times and royalty. It has a mohs hardness of 5 - 7 Total awareness, Spiritual ideas-wisdom to understand, Helps to overcome depression, protection, aid in self-acceptance
Malachite It has banded shades of green. It has a mohs hardness of 3.5 – 4.0 Transformation, Heart and lungs, Fidelity in love and partnerships, Help in obtaining desired goal
Moonstone It features an iridescent sheen called "adularescence". It has a mohs hardness of 6.0 – 6.5 Good fortune, Dreams, make dreams come true, Intuition, understanding feelings, Hair, Skin, eyes, digestive and elimination systems
Opal Opals are mined largely in Australia. Opal comes from the Greek word "opallios", meaning change of color Clarify, helps to uncover unburied emotions, stimulates energy but beware…it’s also believed to cause flares of temper and fits of passion
Paua Species of Abalone. Found in New Zealand. It has a mohs hardness of 3.5  


The only gemstone created from a living creature. Pearls are categorized as natural pearls (foreign particle squeezes in the shell of the molluck by chance), cultured pearls (the mollusk shell is opened and an irritant such as a mother of pearl bead is placed inside) and imitation pearls (made of glass, wax and/or fish hardness)

Sincerity, Purity, faith charity and innocence, Digestive disorders. Often worn by brides as a symbol of purity and chastity for centuries

Red Jasper Clay red with a slight matrix. A Mohs hardness of 7 Nurturer/sustaining stone, rectifying unjust circumstances, Providing for rescue in situations of danger
Sodalite The name sodalite alludes to the sodium content in this stone. It has a mohs hardness of 5 –6 Logical conclusions/Direction of purpose, self-esteem, Companionship, Digestion/sleeping disorders
Smokey Topaz Is a transparent quartz. It has a mohs hardness of 7 True love and success in all endeavors, Seeker
Turquoise It was found in ancient Egyptian tombs. It has a mohs hardness of 5 –6 High spiritual insight and attunement, Healer, Guides through the unknown, Protective and a bestowal of goodness, Promote spontaneity in issues or romance


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